What is acne?

Medical name of Acne is Acne Vulgaris and it is commonly known as pimples. It is one of the most common skin condition faced by almost 60% of people at some point in their lives. It is a condition where excess oil is secreted by the sebaceous glands of the skin. Due to this excess oil deposition in skin pores; dirt, dead skin and grime get trapped into the hair follicles and cause clogging. This triggers bacterial outgrowth and if unattended, it can proliferate to surrounding areas of the skin even leading to scars.

What are the causes of Acne?

Some people are more prone to acne than others are. Here are few reason

  • Excess oil produced by sebaceous gland
  • Due to Clogging of the hair follicles
  • Bacterial infection and outgrowth
  • Excess activity of androgen hormones 

What are the various types of treatments for acne?

Acne and its type or severity can be diagnosed by an expert dermatologist. They can further help you control and treat acne effectively. This will prevent permanent scars or damage to your skin. A combination of the below treatments may be prescribed based on the skin and acne condition

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Topical Medicines

Certain medicines to be administered topically for acne in the form of creams, lotions, or gels.

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Oral Medicines

Antibiotics, contraceptives, isotretinoin and other hormonal medicines may be prescribed based on your acne condition.

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Chemical Peeling

Plant based organic solutions are administered on your skin in clinical conditions to help remove acne effectively. 

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Laser Therapy

Controlled beams of laser light are passed on the affected areas of the skin that result in destruction of damaged areas.

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Comedone extraction

A needle or blade like tool is used by dermatologists to gently pressurize and create an incision to reduce the acne.

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Intralesional injections

 These injections help in flattening the acne and are considered as the most effective treatment

What are the various types of Acne?

Based on the kind and severity of outgrowth, acne can be divided into 2 types and 6 sub-types. Acne can be Inflammatory and non-inflammatory, further sub-divided as below.

Blackheads

Blackheads are non-inflammatory types of acne outgrowths on the skin. They generally do not cause any pain or swelling and can be treated easily with topical medications along with with few cosmetic treatments like chemical peel proceeded simultaneously. Blackheads are also known as open comedones. These are formed when sebum and dead skin cells cause clogging of the skin pores. The top of the pore stays open thus resulting in black coloured blackheads on the skin.

Whiteheads

Whiteheads are also non-inflammatory and do not cause any pain or swelling on the skin. These are known as white comedones. These are formed when sebum and dead skin cells clog the pores and the top of the pore is closed. These form white bumpy protrusions over the skin. These are tougher to treat than the blackheads as pores are closed. These must be attended immediately as they may result in more severe forms of acne and sometimes leads to scars. Chemical peeling, topical and oral medicines, and other prescriptions may be given based on the skin type and severity of whiteheads.

Papules and Pustules

Papules are inflammatory forms of acne which cause redness and swelling on the skin. Papules are formed when the walls of skin pores or follicles break down due to this inflammation, causing hardened pores that are tender to touch. They are mostly red in colour.

Pusules are inflammatory acne formed when walls around the pores break and the acne is filled with pus. They form bumpy outgrowth on skin that is red in colour having whitish cream head on top of the outgrowth.

Nodules

Nodules are inflammatory kinds of acne which are deep under the skin unlike pustule and papule. These are formed when clogged pores grow larger in size and are painful. These cannot be treated with over the counter medicines and need immediate dermatologist intervention. If not treated on time, they can leave behind unsightly scars that are difficult or impossible to treat.

Cysts

Cysts are inflammatory kinds of acne which are formed deeper than nodules, under the skin. They are the largest types of acne and are most painful. They are likely to leave scars and must be treated by expert dermatologist immediately.

What factors can trigger acne?

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Hormonal imbalance

 Excess of male hormone (Androgen) in the body results in increased sebum production. These hormonal influxes are seen more predominantly in teenagers during puberty and women during pregnancy and menopause.

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Stress

Stress is known to worsen acne.

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Unhealthy diet

Certain studies have shown that carbohydrate rich diet can worsen the acne outgrowth. These food items aggravate the acne, they do not necessarily cause acne in the first place.

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Certain medicines

Drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone, and oral contraceptives can worsen your acne.

Acne largely affects the face, chest, shoulder, and back region, but may also spread to other areas. Acne is more common in teenagers but now a day more and more adults and elderly are visiting dermatologists with breakouts. 

Some people are more prone to acne than others are. Genetics and hereditary conditions play an equally important role along with hormonal changes. These risk factors include –

  • Hormonal changes – Girls and boys around puberty are more at risk of developing acne due to rushed hormonal imbalances. 
  • Girls or women with PCOS – Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
  • Heredity – Genetics have a major role in occurrence of acne. If both your parents suffered acne then you are more likely to have them. 
  • Harsh chemicals and oil-based cosmetics – Greasy and chemical ridden cosmetics or skin products are more likely to leave acne on your skin. Always use non-comedogenic, fragrance-free, and natural products for your skin as prescribed by your dermatologist. 

Early and right treatment plan for acne can help prevent formation of marks and scars or severe forms of acne. Scars are not just unsightly but also have permanent effects on skin, so it is recommended to visit an expert dermatologist as early as possible and begin your acne treatment effectively. 

Home remedies can aggravate your acne and cause severe outbreak on your skin and sometimes causes irritant dermatitis. Natural remedies or old school theories are not just ineffective but also result in worsening of your acne condition. There are no studies or theories which prove any of the home remedy or over-night treatment for acne was ever successful. So do not fall prey to these gimmicks and visit an expert to treat your acne effectively.

The cost of acne treatment varies based on treatment types and severity of acne on your skin. The more severe is the acne, more sessions or combination of treatments may be prescribed. With Dermiq you can be rest assured that best quality treatments will be administered at affordable price that are competitive in the region.

Why choose Dermiq for treating acne?

Dermiq brings world-class treatments and expert dermatologists to help treat your acne from its root. Our treatments are guided by stringent protocols and we follow highest levels of hygiene and care for our clients. We bring best treatments for acne at affordable prices in your city.